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Maintance

How to care for your bare root plants when received until you can plant them:

Though bare root stock should be planted as soon as possible, this is not always feasible. Bare root plants are often provided in damp moss or newspaper, and if this is the case, it is best to keep them in this packaging until planting. The root stock should be kept away from exposure to air and light, and kept moist at all times. Think of the plant as “hibernating,” and needing very cold temperatures. The stock should be stored just above or below freezing, but not allowed to actually freeze. Dead or twisted roots may be trimmed to help the stock conserve energy. Prior to planting, the stock may be soaked for a couple hours to improve their chances of taking. The best planting time is in early Spring, Fall or even in Winter (As long as temps isn't freezing or below) for bare root stock. Follow the instructions above for best result

How To Plant Bare Root Trees, Fruit Trees, Bushes, Shrubs and Conifers

When planting larger plants such as trees, bushes, and confiers, the first thing to do is choose an appropriate location for your chosen type of plant. It is important that the location receive the right amount of light, and that the plant will have enough space to grow. Hardy plants such as fruit trees, bushes, shrubs, and confiers do best with lots of sun and water. Well-drained soil is best.

When transplanting, make sure that the hole is about a third wider than the root system. The walls of the hole should be loosened so the roots have no trouble expanding into the surrounding soil. In the center of the hole, make a small mound of dirt and place the plant on that mound. After filling in the hole with soil, the plant's root system should be just below ground level. Mulch or compost can be spread over the top of the hole to enrich the soil. Water the plant well, and, as with any plants, the most fragile time for the plant is within the first few months to a year after planting. It is vital that the plant stays healthy enough to become established during that time.

How To Plant Bare Root Ferns

The key to planting ferns is making sure they are healthy enough to survive the harsher seasons, which vary according to the climate. In warmer climates, they should be planted in fall, so they are strong enough to withstand the hotter weather and lack of water. In cooler climates, planting should take place in the spring, so they can handle colder weather.

When planting from potted ferns, excess potting soil should be removed, and ground soil should be mixed in, since it does not dry out as easily. Live plant transfers should have a healthy root ball. Make sure to trim back the fronds so the plant does not dry out before the roots can establish themselves. Leave an inch or two to the top of the hole, and cover with mulch or straw for extra moisture.

How to Plant Live Stakes

Live stakes, or live hardwood cuttings from plants such as dogwoods, cottonwoods, or willows, are used to help create healthy vegetation and stabilize soil. Depending on the tree type, they should be around one and a half to four feet long, can range from one half inch to three inches in diameter, and should be free of any branches or leaves. They should never be allowed to dry out, and should be soaked for 5-7 days before planting, to improve their chances of survival. The bottom of the stake should be cut at an angle, and the top should be squared off.

Make sure to plant the stakes the same day they are removed from the water. Begin by making a hole with an iron stake, to a depth about four-fifths the length of the live stake. If any more than half or even a quarter of the stake remains outside of the ground, its chances of drying out increase. Two or more bud scars should be above ground level. When finished, press the soil firmly around the stake. When planting multiple stakes, plant one to three feet apart.

How To Plant Moss

Moss can grow on a number of surfaces. Moss can be grown in a variety of soil types, such as clay or loam, so long as there is not excess sand. Loose soil makes it more difficult to establish a foothold. And as long as the soil is not too alkaline (pH greater than 7.0), the moss should be able to grow.

One method involves simply transplanting the moss into the soil where you wish it to grow. Obtain moss samples from nature or a store, and include as much of the growing surface as possible, whether it is tree bark or soil. Directly transplant that moss into the soil.

Another method involves making a “moss paste” in a blender. There are a few different recipes to try, which mostly involve buttermilk and water. Variations including adding yogurt, or trying beer and sugar instead of buttermilk. Use a blender to mix one part water to one part buttermilk, plus a handful of moss, until it is the consistency of a milk shake. Then a paint brush can be used to spread the moss on any surface, not just soil.

How To Plant Vines

The most important things to consider when planting vines are the climbing surface and the amount of light exposure. Different types climb in different ways, and each species will need a different surface to climb. Those with tendrils, such as peas and grapes, for instance, climb smaller surfaces such as netting, strings, or branches. Twining vines are similar to ones with tendrils, since they use their leaves to twine around fences, wires, and other thin objects. There are other types which can climb on different surfaces, so it is important to choose the appropriate climbing surface.

Once a climbing structure is chosen, the right amount of light is the other important ingredient for survival. Soil type is less important. Since they climb towards sunlight, and each species has different light requirements, location should depend on those factors. Once the climbing surface and a location is chosen with the right amount of light for your species, insert the roots into a hole that is large enough to spread the roots out. Make sure the root system is completely beneath the surface of the hole, and cover the roots with soil. Water well, and attach the vine to its climbing surface with something that can be removed later, such as string.

How To Plant Water Plants

There are several types of aquatic plants that vary by the amount of water that covers them. Some float on the surface of the water, some have roots planted in the soil a foot or more beneath the water, some are only covered by a small layer of water, and some are completely submerged. Aquatic plants do best when planted while the water is still warm, during spring to summer. When planted during warm weather, plants have a better chance of becoming established and surviving the colder seasons. In general, the rhizome – the thicker part of the stem which grows laterally and produces roots – should be at least partially free of the planting soil, to permit future growth.

Deep water plants, such as lilies, should be planted in normal soil, inside a submerged container. The container should be placed at a depth equal to the length of the plant stems, and covered with small pebbles such as fish gravel or pea gravel, to keep soil particles from escaping and clouding up the water. As the plants grow, the depth of the planting vessel can be adjusted to keep up with the length of the plant stem. Lilies can grow up to a foot and a half tall, so the pot should be deep enough to accommodate this height.

Marginal plants, or plants that only need a small covering of water, should be placed in a mesh planting basket, and planted along the edge of a pond. The surface of the planting basket should be only an inch or two beneath the surface of the water. Make sure the plants are placed in an area without much water flow.

Plants which require full submersion can be planted in aquariums, and since the temperature is constant, they can be planted any time. Anchor the roots in fish gravel, keep the rhizome free, and make sure the plant has access to a light source.